Консенсус керівних настанов з клінічної практики ISPAD 2018 р. Розділ 10. Дієтотерапія у дітей та підлітків з діабетом


  • -



Біографія автора


Переклад — Зелінська Наталія Борисівна, д. мед. н., професор, зав. відділу дитячої ендокринології УНПЦ ендокринної хірургії, трансплантації ендокринних органів і тканин МОЗ України. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9000-8940


American Diabetes Association. Care of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2005;28:186-212.

Craig ME.Twigg SM, Donaghue K, Cheung NW, et al. for the Australian Type 1 Diabetes Guidelines Expert Advisory Group. National Evidence-Based Clinical Care Guidelines for Type 1 Diabetes in Children, Adolescents and Adults. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Aging; 2011.

National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) in Children and Young People: Diagnosis and Management (NG18). 2015.http://nice.org.uk/guidance/ngl8

Evert AB, Boucher JL, Cypress M, et al. Nutrition therapy recommendations for the management of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(Suppl 1):S120-S143.

Mann J, De Leeuw I, Flermansen K, et al. on behalf of the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Evidence based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus. Nutr Metab Cardiovas Dis. 2004; 14:373-394.

Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee. Clinical practice guidelines. Nutrition Therapy Can J Diabetes. 2013;37:S45-S55.

Delahanty LM, Halford BN. The role of diet behaviors in achieving Improved glycemic control in Intensively treated patients in the diabetes control and complications trial. Diabetes Care. 1993;16: 1453-1458.

Patton S, Williams L, Dolan L, Chen M, Powers S. Feeding problems reported by parents of young children with type 1 diabetes on Insulin pump therapy and their associations with children’s glycemic control. Pediatr Diabetes. 2009;10:455-460.

verby N, Margeirsdottir H, Brunborg C, Andersen L, Dahl-Jorgensen K. The influence of dietary intake and meal pattern on blood glucose control in children and adolescents using intensive insulin treatment. Diabeto/ogia. 2007;50:2044-2051.

Delahanty LM, Nathan DM, Lachin JM, et al. Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes. Association of diet with glycated hemoglobin during intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes in the diabetes control and complications trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89:518-524.

Franz MJ, MacLeod J, Evert A, et al. Academy of nutrition and dietetics nutrition practice guideline for type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults: systematic review of evidence for medical nutrition therapy effectiveness and recommendations for integration into the nutrition care process. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(10):1659-1679.

Funnell MM, Anderson RM. Empowerment and self-management of diabetes. Clin Diabetes. 2004;22:123-127.

Cameron FJ, de Beaufort C, Aanstoot H-J, et al. the Hvidoere International Study Group. Lessons from the Hvidoere International Study Group on childhood diabetes: be dogmatic about outcome and flexible in approach. Pediatr Diabetes. 2013;14:473-480.

Newfield RS, Cohen D, Capparelli EV, Shragg P. Rapid weight gain in children soon after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes: is there room for concern? Pediatr Diabetes. 2009;10:310-315.

Davis NL, Bursell JDH, Evans WD, Warner JT, Gregory JW. Body composition in children with type 1 diabetes in the first year after diagnosis: relationship to glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk. Arch Dis Child. 2012;97:312-315.

Cole T, Bellizzi M, Flegal K, Dietz W. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ. 2000;320:1240-1243.

Phelan H, Clapin H, Bruns L, et al. The Australasian diabetes data network: first national audit of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. MedJAust. 2017;206(3):121-125.

Baskaran C, Volkening LK, Diaz M, Laffel LM. A decade of temporal trends in overweight/obesity in youth with type 1 diabetes after the diabetes control and complications trial. Pediatr Diabetes. 2015;16(4): 263-270.

DuBose S, Hermann JM, Tamborlane WV, et al. Obesity in youth with type 1 diabetes in Germany, Austria, and the United States. J Pediatr. 2015;167(3):627-32.el-4.

Minges K, Whittemore R, Grey M. Overweight and obesity in youth with type 1 diabetes. Annu Rev Nurs Res. 2013;31:47-69.

World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic World Health Org Tech Rep Ser; 894:2000.

World Health Organization (WHO) 2010. Global recommendations for physical activity and health.http://whqlibdocwhoint/ publications/2010/9789241599979_engpdf?ua=l. Accessed May, 2018.

Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition Carbohydrates and Health London 2015.www.tsoshop.co.uk. Accessed October, 2017.

Nordic Nutrition Recommendations Integrating nutrition and physical activity 2012.http://dx.doi.org/10.6027/Nord2014-002. Accessed October, 2017.

MacLeod J, Franz M, Handu D, et a I. Academy of nutrition and dietetics nutrition practice guideline for type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults: nutrition intervention evidence reviews and recommendations. JAcad Nutr Diet 2017; 117(10):1637-1658.

De Bock M, Lobley K, Anderson D, et al. Endocrine and metabolic consequences due to restrictive carbohydrate diets in children with type 1 diabetes: an illustrative case series. Pediatr Diabetes. 2017. 19(1):129-137.https://doi.org/10.llll/pedi.12527.

Sacks FM, Lichtenstein AH, Wu JHY, et al. Dietary fats and cardiovascular disease: a presidential advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017;136:el-e23.

Margeirsdottir HDLJ, Brunborg C, Overby NC, Dahl-Jorgensen K. High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a population-based study. Diabetologia. 2008;51(4):554-561.

Helgeson V, Viccaro L, Becker D, Escobar O, Siminerio L. Diet of adolescents with and without diabetes: trading candy for potato chips? Diabetes Care. 2006;29:982-987.

Mayer-Davis EJ, Nichols M, Liese AD, et al. SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group. Dietary intake among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106: 689-697.

Overby N, Flaaten V, Veierod M, et al. Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes eat a more atherosclerosis-prone diet than healthy control subjects. Diabetologia. 2007;50:307-316.

Tallian K, Nahata M, Tsao C. Role of the ketogenic diet in children with intractable seizures. Ann Pharmacother. 1998;32(3):349-361. Review. Erratum in: Ann Pharmacother. 1998; 32(12):1373.

Ranjan A, Schmidt S, Damm-Frydenberg C, et a I. Low-carbohydrate diet impairs the effect of glucagon in the treatment of insulin-induced mild hypoglycemia: a randomized crossover study. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(1):132-135.

Katz ML, Mehta S, Nansel T, Quinn H, Lipsky LM, Laffel LM. Associations of nutrient intake with glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: differences by insulin regimen. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2014;16(8):512-518.

Nansel TR, Lipsky LM, Liu A. Greater diet quality is associated with more optimal glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016; 104(l):81-87.

Bell KJ, Smart CE, Steil GM, Brand-Miller JC, King B, Wolpert HA. Impact of fat, protein, and glycemic index on postprandial glucose control in type 1 diabetes: implications for intensive diabetes management in the continuous glucose monitoring era. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(6):1008-1015.

Paterson MA, Smart CEM, Lopez PE, et al. Increasing the protein quantity in a meal results in dose-dependent effects on postprandial glucose levels in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabet Med. 2017;34(6):851-854.

Ryan R, King BR, Anderson D, Attia J, Collins CE, Smart CE. Influence of and optimal insulin therapy for a low-Glycemic Index meal in children with Type 1 Diabetes receiving intensive insulin therapy. Diabetes Care. 2008;31:1485-1490.

O’Connell M, Gilbertson H, Donath S, Cameron F. Optimizing postprandial glycemia in pediatric patients with Type 1 Diabetes using insulin pump therapy: impact of glycemic index and prandial bolus type. Diabetes Care. 2008;31:1491-1495.

Rickard KA, Cleveland JL, Loghmani ES, Fineberg NS, Freidenberg GR. Similar glycemic responses to high versus moderate sucrose-containing foods in test meals for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and fasting euglycemia. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101: 1202-1205.

Ebbeling CB, Feldman HA, Chomitz VR, et al. A randomized trial of sugar-sweetened beverages and adolescent body weight. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:1407-1416.

Williams CL. Dietary fiber in childhood. J Pediatr. 2006;149: S121-S130.

Wheeler ML, Dunbar SA, Jaacks LM, et al. Macronutrients, food groups, and eating patterns in the management of diabetes: a systematic review of the literature. Diabetes Care. 2010;35:434-445.

Dahl WJ, Stewart ML. Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: health implications of dietary fiber. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015; 115(11):1861-1870.

Threapleton DE, Greenwood DC, Evans CE, et al. Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013;347:f6879.

Ye EQ, Chacko SA, Chou EL, Kugizaki M, Liu S. Greater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain. J Nutr. 2012;142(7):1304-1313.

National Health and Medical Research Council. Australian Dietary Guidelines. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council; 2013.

Cadario F, Prodam F, Pasqualicchio S, et al. Lipid profile and nutritional intake In children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes improve after a structured dietician training to a Mediterranean-style diet. J Endocrinol invest. 2012;35:160-168.

Dyson PAKT, Deakin T, Duncan A, Frost G, Harrison Z, et a I. Diabetes UK evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes. Diabetic Med. 2011;28(11): 1282-1288.

Friedberg CE, Janssen MJ, Heine RJ, et al. Fish oil and glycemic control in diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care. 1998;21:494-500.

Hooper L, Thompson R, Harrison RA, et al. Risks and benefits of omega3 fats for mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer:system- atic review. BMJ. 2006;332:752-760.

Ketomaki AM et al. Red cell and plasma plant sterols are related during consumption of plant stanol and sterol ester spreads in children with hypercholesterolemia. J Pediatr. 2003;142:524-531.

Amundsen AL et al. Longterm compliance and changes In plasma lipids,plant sterols and carotenoids in children and parents with familial hypercholesterolemia consuming plant sterol ester-enriched spread. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58:1612-1620.

Dewey К et al. Protein requirements of infants and children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50:S119-S150.

American Diabetes Association. Position Statement. Children and adolescents, sec 12 in standards of medical Care in Diabetes - 2017. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(Suppl. 1):S105-S113.

Anderson J, Couper J, Toome S, et al. Dietary sodium intake relates to vascular health in children with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018 Feb;19(l):138~142.

Turner BC, Jenkin E, Kerr D, Sherwin RS, Cavan DA. The effect of evening alcohol consumption on next-morning glucose control in type 1 diabetes. Diab Care. 2001;24:1888-1893.

Turner B, Jenkins E, Kerr D, Swerwin R, Cavan D. The effect of evening alcohol consumption on next-morning glucose control in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2001;24(ll):1888-93.

Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants (Seventy-seventh report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives). WHO Technical Report Series No. 983; 2013

Knowles J, Waller H, Eiser C, et al. The development of an innovative education curriculum for 11-16 yr old children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatr Diabetes. 2006;7:322-328.

Paterson MA, Bell KJ, O’Connell SM, Smart CE, Shafat A, King B. The role of dietary protein and fat in glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes: implications for intensive diabetes management. Curr Diab Rep. 2015;15:61.

U.S.Department of Agriculture and U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 7th ed. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Rabasa-Lhoret R, Garon J, Langelier H, Poisson D, Chiasson JL. Effects of meal carbohydrate content on insulin requirements in type 1 diabetic patients treated intensively with the basal-bolus (ultralen- te-regular) insulin regimen. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:667-673.

Lodefalk M, Aman J, Bang P. Effects of fat supplementation on gly- caemic response and gastric emptying in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2008;25:1030-1035.

Thomas DE, Elliott EJ. The use of low-glycaemic index diets in diabetes control. Br J Nutr. 2010;104:797-802.

Panowska E, Blazik M, Groele L. Does the fat-protein meal increase postprandial glucose level in type 1 diabetes patients on insulin pump: the conclusion of a randomised study. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011;14:1-8.

Smart C, Evans M, O’Connell S, et a I. Both dietary protein and fat increase postprandial glucose excursions in children with type 1 diabetes, and the effect is additive. Diabetes Care. 2013;36:3897-3902.

Kawamura T. The importance of carbohydrate counting in the treatment of children with diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2007;8:57-62.

Mehta SN, Haynie DL, Higgins LA, et al. Emphasis on carbohydrates may negatively influence dietary patterns in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32:2174-2176.

Sundberg F, Barnard K, Cato A, et al. Managing diabetes in preschool children. Pediatr Diabetes. 2017;18(7):499-517.

Bell KJ, Barclay AW, Petocz P, Colagiuri S, Brand-Miller JC. Efficacy of carbohydrate counting in type 1 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2014;2(2):133-140.

Schmidt S, Schelde B, Norgaard K. Effects of advanced carbohydrate counting in patients with type 1 diabetes: a systematic review. Diabet Med. 2014;31(8):886-896.

Lowe J, Linjawi S, Mensch M, James K, Attia J. Flexible eating and flexible insulin dosing in patients with diabetes: results of an Intensive self-management course. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2008;80: 439-443.

DAFNE Study Group. Training in flexible, Intensive insulin management to enable dietary freedom in people with type 1 diabetes: dose adjustment for normal eating (DAFNE) randomised controlled trial. Br Med J. 2002;325:746-749.

Trento M, Borgo E, Kucich C, et al. Quality of life, coping ability, and metabolic control in patients with type 1 diabetes managed by group care and a carbohydrate counting program. Diabetes Care. 2009;32: el34.

Ulahannan T, Ross W, Davies F. Carbohydrate counting in type 1 diabetes: time to REACCT. Practical Diabetes Int. 2007;24:134-136.

Anderson B, Laffel L, Domenger C, et al. Factors associated with diabetes-specific health-related quality of life in youth with type 1 diabetes: the global TEENs study. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(8): 1002-1009.

Smart CE, Ross K, Edge JA, King BR, McElduff P, Collins CE. Can children with type 1 diabetes and their caregivers estimate the carbohydrate content of meals and snacks? Diabet Med. 2010;27:348-353.

Smart CE, Ross K, Edge JA, Collins CE, Colyvas K, King BR. Children and adolescents on intensive insulin therapy maintain postprandial glycaemic control without precise carbohydrate counting. Diabet Med. 2009;26:279-285.

Mehta S, Quinn N, Volkening L, Laffel L. Impact of carbohydrate counting on glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32:1014-1016.

Smart CE, King BR, McElduff P, Collins CE. In children using intensive insulin therapy, a 20-g variation in carbohydrate amount significantly impacts on postprandial glycaemia. Diabet Med. 2012;29:e21-e24.

Deeb A, Hajeri A, Alhmoudi I. Nagelkerke Accurate Carbohydrate Counting is an important determinant of postprandial glycemia in children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes on insulin pump therapy. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017;ll(4):753-758.

Bishop F, Maahs DM, Spiegel G, et al. The carbohydrate counting in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (CCAT) study. Diabetes Spectrum. 2009;22:56-62.

Trawley S, Browne J, Hagger V, et al. The use of mobile applications among adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Results from diabetes MILES youth—Australia. Diabetes Technol Tber. 2016;18(12): 813-819.

Hommel E, Schmidt S, Vistisen D, et al. Effects of advanced carbohydrate counting guided by an automated bolus calculator in type 1 diabetes mellitus (StenoABC): a 12-month, randomized clinical trial. Diabet Med. 2017;34(5):708-715.

Thomas D, Elliott E. Low glycaemic Index, or low glycaemic loads, diets for diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009.https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006296.pub2.

Brand-Miller J, Hayne S, Petocz P, Colagiuri S. Low-glycemic Index diets In the management of diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care. 2003;26:2261-2267.

Craig ME, Twigg SM, Donaghue КС, et a I. National Evidence-Based Clinical Care Guidelines for Type 1 Diabetes in Children, Adolescents and Adults. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing; 2011.

Gilbertson HR, Brand-Miller JC, Thorburn AW, Evans S, Chondros P, Werther GA. The effect of flexible low glycemic index dietary advice versus measured carbohydrate exchange diets on glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2001;24:1137-1143.

Foster-Powell K, Holt SH, Brand-Miller J. International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002; 76:5-56.

Barclay AW, Petocz P, McMillan-Price J, et al. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and chronic disease risk—a meta-analysis of observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87:627-637.

Bozzetto L, Giorgini M, Alderisio A, et al. Glycaemicload versus carbohydrate counting for insulin bolus calculation in patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump. Acta Diabetol. 2015;52(5):865-871.

Wolpert HA, Atakov-Castillo A, Smith SA, Steil GM. Dietary fat acutely increases glucose concentrations and insulin requirements in patients with type 1 diabetes: Implications for carbohydrate-based bolus dose calculation and Intensive diabetes management Diab Care. 2013;36:810-816.

Paterson MA, Smart CE, Lopez PE, et al. Influence of dietary protein on postprandial blood glucose levels in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus using intensive Insulin therapy. Diabet Med. 2016;33(5): 592-598.

American Diabetes Association. Position statement. Lifestyle management, sec 4 In standards of medical care in diabetes—2017. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(Suppl. 1):S33-S43.

Bell KJ, Toschi E, Steil GM, Wolpert HA. Optimized mealtime Insulin dosing for fat and protein In type 1 diabetes: application of a model-based approach to derive insulin doses for open-loop diabetes management. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(9):1631-1634.

Pankowska E, Szypowska A, LIpka M, Szpotaska M, Bazik M, Groele L. Application of novel dual wave meal bolus and Its impact on glycated hemoglobin Ale level In children with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2009;10:298-303.

Kordonouri O, Hartmann R, Remus K, Blasig S, Sadeghian E, Danne T. Benefit of supplementary fat plus protein counting as compared with conventional carbohydrate counting for insulin bolus calculation In children with pump therapy. Pediatr Diabetes. 2012;13: 540-544.

Piechowiak K, Dzygato K, Szypowska A. The additional dose of insulin for high-protein mixed meal provides better glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes on insulin pumps: randomized cross-over study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2017;18(8):861-868.

Bao J, Gilbertson H, Gray R, et al. Improving the estimation of meal-time insulin dose in adults with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34:2146-2151.

Bell K, Gray R, Munns D, et al. Clinical application of the food Insulin Index for mealtime Insulin dosing in adults with type 1 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2016;18(4): 218-225.

Bell KJ, Gray R, Munns D, et al. Estimating insulin demand for protein-containing foods using the food insulin index. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014;68(9): 1055-1059.

Pankowska E, tadyzyriski P, Foltyriski P, Mazurczak K. A randomized controlled study of an insulin dosing application that uses recognition and meal bolus estimations. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017;11(1): 43-49.

Boiroux D, Bjork Aradottir T, Norgaard K, Poulsen N, Madsen H, Jorgensen J. An adaptive nonlinear basal-bolus calculator for patients with type 1 diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017;ll(l):29-36.

Wolever TM, Hamad S, Chiasson JL, et al. Day-to-day consistency in amount and source of carbohydrate associated with improved blood glucose control In type 1 diabetes. J Am Coll Nutr. 1999;18:242-247.

Dorchy H. Dietary management for children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus: personal experience and recommendations. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003;16:131-148.

Price K, Knowles J, Freeman J, Wales J, KICk-OFF Study Group. Improving outcomes for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: results from the kids in control OF food (KICk-OFF) trial. Pediatr Diabetes. 2013;14:19-49.

von Sengbusch S, Muller-Godeffroy E, Hager S, Reintjes R, Hiort O, Wagner V. Mobile diabetes education and care: intervention for children and young people with type 1 diabetes in rural areas of northern Germany. Diabet Med. 2006;23:122-127.

Anderson DG. Multiple daily Injections In young patients using the ezy-BICC bolus insulin calculation card, compared to mixed insulin and CSII. Pediatr Diabetes. 2009;10:304-309.

Campbell MS, Schatz DA, Chen V, et al. for the T1D Exchange Clinic Network. A contrast between children and adolescents with excellent and poor control: the T1D exchange clinic registry experience. Pediatr Diabetes. 2014;15:110-117.

Hayes RL, Garnett SP, Clarke SL, Harkin NM, Chan AK, Ambler GR. A flexible diet using an insulin to carbohydrate ratio for adolescents with type 1 diabetes—a pilot study. Clin Nutr. 2012;31:705-709.

Enander R, Gundevall C, Stromgren A, Chaplin J, Hanas R. Carbohydrate counting with a bolus calculator improves post-prandial blood glucose levels in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes using insulin pumps. Pediatr Diabetes. 2012;13:545-551.

Barnard K, Parkin C, Young A, Ashraf M. Use of an automated bolus calculator reduces fear of hypoglycemia and improves confidence In dosage accuracy in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus treated with multiple daily insulin injections. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2012;6: 144-149.

Deeb LC, Holcombe JH, Brunelle R, et al. Insulin Lispro lowers postprandial glucose in Prepubertal children with diabetes. Pediatrics. 2001;108:1175-1179.

Burdick J, Chase HP, Slover RH, et al. Missed insulin meal boluses and elevated hemoglobin Ale levels in children receiving insulin pump therapy. Pediatrics. 2004;113:613-616.

VanderWel B, Messer L, Horton L, et al. Missed insulin boluses for snacks in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2010;33: 507-508.

Cobry E, McFann K, Messer L, et al. Timing of meal insulin boluses to achieve optimal postprandial glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2010;12:173-177.

De Palma A, Giani E, Iafusco D, et al. Lowering postprandial glycemia in children with type 1 diabetes after Italian pizza “margherita” (TyBoDi2 Study). Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011;13:483-487.

Chase HP, Saib SZ, MacKenzie T, Hansen MM, Garg SK. Post-prandial glucose excursions following four methods of bolus insulin administration in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2002;19:317-321.

Lee SW, Сао M, Sajid S, et al. The dual- wave bolus feature In continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pumps controls post-prandial hyperglycemia better than standard bolus in type 1 diabetes. Diab Nutr Metab. 2004;17:211-216.

Jones SM, Quarry JL, Caldwell-MCmillan M, Mauger DT, Gabbay RA. Optimal Insulin pump dosing and postprandial glycemia following a pizza meal using the continuous glucose montoring system. Diab Tech Therapeutics. 2005;7:233-240.

Lopez P, Smart CE, McElduff P, et al. Optimising the combination insulin bolus split for a high fat, high protein meal in children and adolescents using insulin pump therapy. Diabet Med. 2017;34(10): 1380-1384.

Lopez P, Smart CE, Morbey C, McElduff P, Paterson M, King BR. Extended insulin boluses cannot control postprandial glycemia as well as a standard bolus in children and adults using insulin pump therapy. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2014;2(l):e000050. https:// doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2014-000050.

Campbell MD, Walker M, King D, et al. Carbohydrate counting at meal time followed by a small secondary postprandial bolus injection at 3 hours prevents late hyperglycemia, without hypoglycemia, after a high-carbohydrate, high-fat meal In type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(9):el41-el42.

Patton SR, Dolan LM, Powers SW. Mealtime interactions relate to dietary adherence and glycemic control In young children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:1002-1006.

Rovner AJ, Mehta SN, Haynie DL, et al. Perceived benefits, barriers, and strategies of family meals among children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their parents: focus-group findings. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110:1302-1306.

Nansel TR, Laffel LM, Haynie DL, et al. Improving dietary quality in youth with type 1 diabetes: randomized clinical trial of a family-based behavioral Intervention, /nt J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015; 12:58.

Phillip M, Battelino T, Rodriguez H, Danne T, Kaufman F. Use of Insulin pump therapy In the pediatric age-group: consensus statement from the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology, the Lawson Wilkins pediatric Endocrine Society, and the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, endorsed by the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2007;30:1653-1662.

https://www.Idf.org/our-activities/advocacy-awareness/resources- and-tools/87:diabetes-and-ramadan-practical-25.html. Accessed March, 2018.

Riddell M, Gallen I, Smart CE, et al. Exercise management in type 1 diabetes: a consensus statement. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017; 5(5):377-390.

Meyer F, O’Connor H, Shirreffs SM. Nutrition for the young athlete. J Sports Sci. 2007;25:S73-S82.

Gallen I. Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Management of the Athlete. Springer-Verlag London Limited; 2012.

LK Purcell for the Canadian Paediatric Society. Sport nutrition for young athletes. Paediatr Sports Exercise Med Sec. 2013;18:200-202.

Riddell MC, Iscoe K. Physical activity,sport and pediatric diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2006;7:60-70.

Riddell MC, Milliken J. Preventing exercise-induced hypoglycemia In type 1 diabetes using real-time continuous glucose monitoring and a new carbohydrate intake algorithm: an observational field study. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011;13:819-825.

Perone C, Laitano O, Meyer F. Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on the glycemic response of type 1 diabetic adolescents during exercise. Diabetes Care. 2005;28:2537-2538.

Chu L, Hamilton J, Riddell MC. Clinical management of the physically active patient with type 1 diabetes. Phys Sportsmed. 2011;39(2): 64-77.

Hernandez JM, Moccia T, Fluckey JD, Ulbrecht JS, Farrell PA. Fluid snacks to help persons with type 1 diabetes avoid late onset post-exercise hypoglycemia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:904-910.

Jager R, Kerksick C, Campbell BJ. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise. Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2017;14:20.

Dube M-C, Lavoie C, Galibois I, Weisnagel SJ. Nutritional strategies to prevent hypoglycemia at exercise In diabetic adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:1427-1432.

Coyle EF. Fluid and fuel intake during exercise. J Sports Sci. 2004;22: 39-55.

Wilk B, Yuxia H, Bar-Or O. Effect of body hypohydration on aerobic performance of boys who exercise In the heat. Med Sci Sports Exercise. 2002;34(Suppl. 1).

Rowland T. Fluid replacement requirements for child athletes. Sports Med. 2011;41:279-288.

Desbrow B, McCormack J, Burke L, et al. Sports dietitians Australia position statement: sports nutrition for the adolescent athlete. Int J Sport Nutr Exercise Metab. 2014;24(5):570-584.

Nieper A. Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39: 645-649.

TODAY Study Group. Lipid and Inflammatory cardiovascular risk worsens over 3 years in youth with type 2 diabetes: the TODAY clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2013;36:1758-1764.

Bloomgarden ZT. Type 2 diabetes In the young: the evolving epidemic. Diabetes Care. 2004;27:998-1010.

Rosenbloom AL, Silverstein JH, Amemiya S, Zeitler P, Klingensmith GJ. Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Pediatr Diabetes. 2009;10:17-32.

Tay J, Luscombe-Marsh N, Thompson C, et al. Comparison of low- and high-carbohydrate diets for type 2 diabetes management: a randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;102:780-790.

Hoelscher DM, Kirk S, Ritchie L, Cunningham-Sabo L. Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: interventions for the prevention and treatment of pediatric overweight and obesity. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113:1375-1394.

Sung-Chan P, Sung YW, Zhao X, Brownson RC. Family-based models for childhood-obesity intervention: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Obes Rev. 2013;14(4):265-278.

Ebbeling CB, Feldman HA, Osganian SK, Chomitz VR, Ellenbogen SJ, Ludwig DS. Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Pediatrics. 2006;117:673-680.

Robinson TN. Reducing children’s television viewing to prevent obesity: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1999;282: 1561-1567.

McGavock J, Sellers E, Dean H. Physical activity for the prevention and management of youth-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus: focus on cardiovascular complications. Diab Vase Dis Res. 2007;4: 305-310.

Copeland КС, Silverstein J, Moore KR, et al. Management of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) In children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2013;131:364-382.

Goday A, Bellido D, Sajoux I, et al. Short-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of a very low calorie-ketogenic diet interventional weight loss program versus hypocaloric diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutr Diabetes. 2016;6:e230.https://doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2016.36.

Jellinger PS, Handelsman Y, Rosenblit PD, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of endocrinology guidelines for management of dyslipidemia and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Endocr Pract. 2017;23 (Suppl 2): 1-87.

Craig ME, Prinz N, Boyle CT, et al. on behalf of the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN), the T1D Exchange Clinic Network (T1DX), the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, the Prospective Diabetes Follow-up Registry (DPV) initiative. Prevalence of celiac disease in 52,721 youth with type 1 diabetes: international comparison across three continents. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(8): 1034-1040.

Weiss B, Pinhas-Hamiel O. Celiac disease and diabetes: when to test and treat. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017;64(2):175-179.

Not T, Tommasini A, Tonini G, et al. Undiagnosed celiac disease and risk of autoimmune disorders in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia. 2001;44:151-155.

Pham-Short A, Donaghue КС, Ambler G, Chan AK, Craig ME. Coeliac disease in type 1 diabetes from 1990 to 2009: higher incidence in young children after longer diabetes duration. Diabet Med. 2012; 29(9):e286-e289.

Camarca M, Mozzillo E, Nugnes R, et al. Celiac disease in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Ital J Pediatr. 2012;38:1-7.

Hoffenberg EJ, Haas J, Drescher A, et al. A trial of oats in children with newly diagnosed celiac disease. J Pediatr. 2000; 137: 361-366.

Hogberg L, Laurin P, Faith-Magnusson K, et al. Oats to children with newly diagnosed celiac disease: a randomised double-blind study. Gut. 2004;53:649-654.

Janatuinen EK, Kemppainen ТА, Julkunen RJ, et al. No harm from 5-year ingestion of oats in celiac disease. Gut. 2002;50:332-335.

Murch S, Jenkins H, Auth M, et al. Joint BSPGHAN and Coeliac UK guidelines for the diagnosis and management of coeliac disease In children. Arch Dis Child. 2013;98:806-811.

Lundin KE, Nilsen EM, Scott HG, et al. Oats Induced villous atrophy In celiac disease. Gut. 2003;52:1649-1652.

Thompson T, Dennis M, Higgins L, et al. Gluten-free diet survey: are Americans with celiac disease consuming recommended amounts of fibre, iron, calcium and grain foods? J Hum Nutr Diet. 2005;18: 163-169.

World Health Organization Codex Alimentarius International Food Standards Standard for foods for Special Dietary use for persons intolerant to Gluten; 2015.

Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FZANZ).http://www. foodstandards.gov.au/code. Accessed October, 2017.

Leffler DA, Edwards-George J, Dennise M, et al. Factors that Influence adherence to a gluten-free diet in adults with celiac disease. Dig DisSci. 2008;53:1573-1581.

Kivela L, Kaukinen K, Huhtala H, Lahdeaho ML, Макі M, Kurppa KJ. At-risk screened children with celiac disease are comparable in disease severity and dietary adherence to those found because of clinical suspicion: a large cohort study. Pediatrics. 2017;183: 115-121.Є2.

Pham-Short A, Donaghue K, Ambler G, Garnett S, Craig M. Quality of life In type 1 diabetes and celiac disease: role of the gluten-free diet. J Pediatr. 2016;179:131-138.

Rohrer TR, Wolf J, Liptay S, et al. DPV Initiative and the German BMBF Competence Network Diabetes Mellitus. MIcrovascular complications in childhood-onset type 1 diabetes and celiac disease: a multicenter longitudinal analysis of 56,514 patients from the German-Austrian DPV database. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(5): 801-807.

Warncke K, Liptay S, Frohlich-Reiterer E, et al. Vascular risk factors in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes complicated by celiac disease: results from the DPV Initiative. Pediatr Diabetes. 2016;17(3):191-198.

Salardi S, Maltoni G, Zucchini S, et a I. for the Diabetes Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and DIabetology (ISPED). Whole lipid profile and not only HDL cholesterol is Impaired in children with coexisting type 1 diabetes and untreated celiac disease. Acta Diabetol. 2017;54:889-894.

Markowitz J, Butler D, Volkening L, Antisdel J, Anderson B, Laffel L. Brief screening tool for disordered eating in diabetes: internal consistency and external validity in a contemporary sample of pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2010;33: 495-500.

d’Emden H, Holden L, McDermott B, et al. Concurrent validity of self-report measures of eating disorders in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Acta Paediatr. 2012;101:973-978.

Jones J, Lawson M, Daneman D, Olmsted M, Rodin G. Eating disorders in adolescent females with and without type 1 diabetes: cross-sectional study. Br Med J. 2000;320:1563-1566.

Colton P, Olmsted M, Daneman D, Rydall R, Rodin G. Disturbed eating behavior and eating disorders in preteen and early teenage girls with type 1 diabetes: a case-controlled study. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27:1654-1659.

Rydall AC, Rodin GM, Olmsted MP, Devenyi RG, Daneman D. Disordered eating behavior and microvascular complications in young women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 1997;336:1849-1854.

Bachle C, Stahl-Pehe A, Rosenbauer J. Disordered eating and insulin restriction in youths receiving intensified insulin treatment: results from a nationwide population-based study. Int J Eat Disord. 2016; 49(2):191-196.

Colton PA, Olmsted MP, Daneman D, et a I. Eating disorders in girls and women with type 1 diabetes: a longitudinal study of prevalence, onset, remission, and recurrence. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(7): 1212-1217.

Gagnon C, Aime A, Belanger C. Predictors of comorbid eating disorders and diabetes in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Can J Diabetes. 2017;41(l):52-57.

Goebel-Fabbri A, Uplinger M, Gerken S, Mangham D, Criego A, Perkin C. Outpatient management of eating disorders in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Spectr. 2009;22:147-152.

Toni G, Berioli MG, Cerquiglini L, et al. Eating disorders and disordered eating symptoms in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Nutrients. 2017;19:9.






Стандарти та консенсуси